Lets take a look one step at a time at all the differences between each timeline and how they are explained in official resources. The Prime Reality(abbreviated as PR) is the known Star Trek galaxy created by Gene Roddenberry, and the Alternate Reality( aka AR) is the “new” reality that was created by J.J. Abrams. It is officially stated that the two realities continue to exist separately.
2233- In the PR Kirk was said to be born on earth in Iowa.
In the AR this idea was thrown out and replaced with Kirk being born in space. Also in this timeline Kirks father was killed with the apperance of the black hole and Nero. This serves as the “fork” that separates the two realities.
note- In the prime reality The Enterprise logo did not become the official Starfleet logo until Kirk finished his historic 5 year mission. In the alternate reality before the Enterprise, the Kelvin had the known “spearhead” logo and became the logo of Starfleet in memory of the Kelvin after its destruction.
note- Scans taken of the future Romulan vessel, the Narada, by the Kelvin were brought back by the survivors and their shuttles. This study led to many major technological advances which places Starfleet way ahead of its time. These advances lead to the new styled communicators, phasers, and overall ship design. If you compare the early phasers and communicators aboard the Kelvin to TOS you will notice they are very close.
2241- AR-Due to the “change” Pavel Chekov is born now, while in the PR Chekov wasnt born till 2245.
2245- PR- The Enterprise is launched on its first 5 year mission under Cpt. April.
AR- As a result of the new technological advances, due to the Narada studies, the Enterprise project gets put on “hold” for over a decade. The Constitution class Ship is redesigned much larger than the original plan as seen in the PR Enterprise. This new advancement includes using Dilithium for the warp reactors, as are the other Starfleet vessels. The end result is a bigger better fleet for the federation.
note- dilithium in the PR wasnt used until mid 2260’s
note- the PR Enterprise was 305meters, the AR Enterprise 725meters. The size difference is also explained by the “technological Advancement” which is why the bridge is bigger and more sleek.
2250- PR- Kirk enrolls in Starfleet, and serves on the USS Republic as a cadet. AR- without Kirks father figure James T. Kirk had no interest in joining Starfleet. As a result Kirk did not join starfleet until 2255.
2254- AR- Spock is promoted to Commander, which is earlier than in the PR(no actual date is given).
PR- Kirk graduates beating the Kobayashi Maru, in the AR Kirk doesnt beat the Kobayashi senario until 2258.
2255- AR-Kirk enlists in Starfleet (refer to 2250)
2258- PR at this time Pike would be making his second 5 year mission on the Enterprise.
AR- Enterprise is launched!!! Narada reappears, destroys vulcan. The incident results in Kirk defeating Nero and jumping up to Captain of the Enterprise which is six years earlier than the PR. ( In PR Kirk and his crew do not start their mission on the Enterprise until 2264. In addition Vulcan was never destroyed)
note- The destruction of Vulcan led to the death of Spocks mother, whom in the PR lived on to old age helping him with his human side. AR- with the death of Spocks Mother, Spock and Uhura become closer and intimate.
Alternate Reality equipment (with the Narada advances)-
Lets take a look at what movies are to be coming out in the next three years!
*Star Trek- Due out May 8th. Takes place during Kirks Academy days
*Transformers Revenge of the fallen- Megatron’s spark is revived!!!!
*Silver Surfer- Mostly just rumors but no Substantial evidence for this movie
*Warcraft- Based on the famous game, World Of Warcraft
*Terminator Salvation- yet another Terminator movie…. Takes place during “The War”
*Sherlock Holmes- Robert Downey Jr. is to be the lead role
*Ninja Assassin- A movie about ninjas kicking butt
*A Christmas Carol- A remake done by the director of Back To the Future. Jim Carrey will play the roles of scrooge, The ghost of past, present, and future. Should be interesting
* Iron Man 2- the title says it all
*The Flash- Not a whole of info on this one
*Nick Fury-No Info
*Prince Of Persia- Based off the game, Jake Gyllenhaal will play the lead and is “buffing up” for his role
*Alice In Wonderland- a Tim Burton movie. Johnny Depp is playing the role of the Madd Hatter
*Thor- No Info
*Untitled 300 Sequel- Frank Miller is writing a novel for this movie to be based on
*Mission Impossible 4- No info
*Wonder Woman- No Info
*Superman The Man Of Steel- No Info
*Captain America- No Info
*Justice League- No Info
*The Avengers- No Info
*Pirates Of The Caribbean 4- Kiera Knightley, and rumored Orlando Bloom are not to be in this sequel